Author Archives: Gil Kalai

Analysis of Boolean Functions – Week 7

Lecture 11 The Cap Set problem We presented Meshulam’s  bound for the maximum number of elements in a subset A of not containing a triple x,y,x of distinct elements whose sum is 0. The theorem is analogous to Roth’s theorem … Continue reading

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Analysis of Boolean Functions week 5 and 6

Lecture 7 First passage percolation 1)  Models of percolation. We talked about percolation introduced by Broadbent and Hammersley in 1957. The basic model is a model of random subgraphs of a grid in n-dimensional space. (Other graphs were considered later as … Continue reading

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Real Analysis Introductory Mini-courses at Simons Institute

The Real Analysis ‘Boot Camp’ included three excellent mini-courses. Inapproximability of Constraint Satisfaction Problems (5 lectures) Johan Håstad (KTH Royal Institute of Technology) (Lecture I, Lecture II, Lecture III, Lecture IV, Lecture V) Unlike more traditional ‘boot camps’ Johan rewarded answers and questions … Continue reading

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Analysis of Boolean Functions – week 4

Lecture 6 Last week we discussed two applications of the Fourier-Walsh plus hypercontractivity method and in this lecture we will discuss one additional application: The lecture was based on a 5-pages paper by Ehud Friedgut and Jeff Kahn: On the number … Continue reading

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Polymath 8 – a Success!

Yitang Zhang Update (Jan 9, ’14, corrected Jan 10):  Polymath8b have just led to an impressive progress: Goldston, Pintz, and Yıldırım showed that conditioned on the  Elliott-Halberstam conjecture (EHC) there are infinitely many primes of bounded gap below 16. Maynard improved it to 12. … Continue reading

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Analysis of Boolean Functions – Week 3

Lecture 4 In the third week we moved directly to the course’s “punchline” – the use of Fourier-Walsh expansion of Boolean functions and the use of Hypercontractivity. Before that we  started with  a very nice discrete isoperimetric question on a … Continue reading

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Richard Stanley: How the Proof of the Upper Bound Theorem (for spheres) was Found

The upper bound theorem asserts that among all d-dimensional polytopes with n vertices, the cyclic polytope maximizes the number of facets (and k-faces for every k). It was proved by McMullen for polytopes in 1970, and by Stanley for general triangulations … Continue reading

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Simons@UCBerkeley

Raghu Meka talking at the workshop  I spend the semester in Berkeley at the newly founded Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing. The first two programs demonstrate well the scope of the center and why it is needed. One program … Continue reading

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Analysis of Boolean functions – week 2

Post on week 1; home page of the course analysis of Boolean functions Lecture II: We discussed two important examples that were introduced by Ben-Or and Linial: Recursive majority and  tribes. Recursive majority (RM): is a Boolean function with variables … Continue reading

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Around Borsuk’s Conjecture 3: How to Save Borsuk’s conjecture

Borsuk asked in 1933 if every bounded set K of diameter 1 in can be covered by d+1 sets of smaller diameter. A positive answer was referred to as the “Borsuk Conjecture,” and it was disproved by Jeff Kahn and me in 1993. … Continue reading

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